This is by no means a complete list of all literary, historical and/or pop-cultural references in Persona 5. Missing from this list are one-off references and ones that bear no meaning on the plot, the characters or the games development and creation. As such, there will be spoilers. Enjoy.

LAST WARNING: THERE WILL BE SPOILERS!

Literature

  • The Life of Lazarillo de Tormes and of His Fortunes and Adversities (1554) by Anonymous
  • Water Margin (14th century) by Shi Nai’an
  • Journey to the West (16th century) by Wu Cheng’en
  • Maurice Leblanc’s Arsène Lupin introduced in 1905
  • Johnston McCulley’s Zorro introduced in 1919
  • The Fiend with Twenty Faces (1962) by Edogawa Rampo
  • Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley
  • The Three Musketeers (1844) by Alexandre Dumas
  • The writings of H. P. Lovecraft
  • The Masque of the Red Death (1842) by Edgar Allan Poe
  • Faust (1908) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • JoJo’s Bizarre Advneture (particularly Part V: Vento Aureo) (1987 - present) by Hirohiko Araki
  • Death Note (2003 - 2006) by Tsugumi Ōba vom Takeshi Obata
  • The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1956) by Erving Goffman

Film and Televison

  • Hakuchyu no shikaku (Dead Angle) (1979) by Toru Murakawa
  • Inception (2010) by Christopher Nolan [in turn inspired by Paprika (2006) by Satoshi Kon]
  • Lupin III franchise

Other

  • Carmen (1875); opera by Georges Bizet
  • Goemon Ishikawa (* unknown, † 1594)
  • Robin Hood
  • Captain William Kidd (* 1645, † 1701)
  • Kitagawa Utamaro (* 1753, † 1806)
  • Yukio Mishima (*1925, † 1970)
  • Various mythologies with Norse and Christian being very prominent, in particular: tricksters, the mythological figure of Loki and the Seven Deadly Sins
  • Panopticon


The Gespenst finds it immensely difficult to describe himself so he’ll be talking about his love for manga and anime instead. A fan of anime and manga since he first laid eyes on Sailor Moon, he mostly writes Anime Series Blogs and the occasional review. While suspense and mystery are his genre of choice, he’s always on the lookout for the next soothing Slice-of-Life. He can be found on Twitter@TheGespenst where he regularly talks about his favourite manga and anime in over-excited, yet eloquent(?) ways.